At its heart, the COP is a political process where key decisions are made about our shared future. I am pleased to say that at Pre-COP, recently concluded in Abu Dhabi, we saw positive engagement and encouraging progress on the political building blocks essential for our joint success at COP28. Pre-COP was a pivotal moment, signaling that the time for decisive action is now. Delegates from more than 80 countries, including more than 60 ministers, accepted my invitation to take part. I thank all who participated over the two days, where we enjoyed a rich exchange on many of the issues that will be key for the success of COP28. I am also very grateful for the participation of observers, who came from all corners of the globe and who testify to the inclusive ethos that lies at the heart of our COP mission. This spirit of inclusivity will continue as one of our guiding principles as we move forward, and I encourage the active engagement of all stakeholders on the Road to COP28. The atmosphere of optimism and unwavering resolve I witnessed at Pre-COP amid challenging geopolitical circumstances reinforces my belief that, together, we can make history in Dubai this December. I am attaching my closing remarks for your reference, containing my key conclusions (Annex I). A shared determination to make progress was also evident at a very constructive and focused meeting among Heads of Delegations immediately following Pre-COP on 1 and 2 November.It was encouraging to witness the sustained momentum at the Fifth Meeting of the Transitional Committee
on Loss and Damage (TC5) in Abu Dhabi on 3 and 4 November. The agreement on recommendations on the operationalization of the Loss and Damage fund and funding arrangements is significant. This milestone marks a crucial step in responding to the adverse impacts of the climate crisis and supporting vulnerable communities. I continue to encourage early pledges by donors to ensure timely activation of the
recommendations, following their consideration at COP28. The commitment that negotiators showed in overcoming their differences at TC5 paves the way for agreement at COP28, not only on this issue, but other complex political issues across all negotiation outcomes. We have shown that multilateralism can still deliver, but we have a lot of work to do. With 21 days remaining to the opening of COP28/CMP18/CMA5, we must further clarify the process to ensure we achieve the best possible outcome. A transparent, open, and inclusive process is essential as it
fosters trust and consensus-building on all fronts.
Time will be the most valuable commodity at COP. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that we organize our work effectively to ensure that negotiators begin forging connections and finding shared positions from day one. To facilitate this, it is essential to reach consensus on the agendas for the COP, CMP, CMA, and Subsidiary Bodies, along with the organization of work, before 30 November. I am encouraged by the dedication to by all Parties and groups to show flexibility during the comprehensive agenda consultations we have undertaken to date.
Making the best use of the time available in the first week is essential when Parties will be engaged in intense negotiations, both under the subsidiary and governing bodies. We must provide them with the necessary time and space to make as much progress as possible. We need to ensure that only the most pressing matters requiring political resolution are the focus of the second week. I urge ministers to direct their delegates towards this goal and to motivate their Heads of Delegation to take an active role in the first week's negotiations. This approach will help streamline the workload for the following week, especially on the Global Stocktake (GST). This COP offers the pivotal opportunity to formulate and deliver a robust response to the GST that will shape our collective commitment to climate action. The first GST will have a central role because of its cross-cutting nature. We must ensure there is consensus on the way forward. The intensive work over the past two years means there is substantial material already available. The thorough technical phase and the valuable submissions by Parties have provided clear focus. I encourage Parties to engage on text for a draft decision as soon as possible, building on elements from various inputs. I ask all Parties to support and work closely with Subsidiary Body Chairs Nabeel Munir and Harry Vreuls as they guide us forward to ensure that our collective efforts during the first week lay the foundation for a strong outcome at COP28. The momentum gained from the intersessional GST workshop in Abu Dhabi this October and the summary report on the refined elements of a GST outcome have been encouraging. During the World Climate Action Summit (WCAS) on 1 and 2 December, we will host three Highlevel Events focused on the GST, covering mitigation, adaptation, and the means of implementation. These events are mandated to be chaired by the High-level Committee and are intended to provide political guidance for the consideration of outputs phase of the GST. The Highlevel Committee will issue a summary of the events on 3 December, capturing key political messages delivered by Heads of State and Government. This summary is intended to contribute to the development of clear, political messages in the final CMA decision. The secretariat has already disseminated logistical information in a notification on 3 November. Additional details, including guiding questions for these High-level Events, will be shared shortly by the High-level Committee.
In addition to work under the Subsidiary Bodies, there will be a heavy workload on items managed directly under the COP, CMP and CMA, especially on finance-related issues. I urge all Parties to handle these issues in the most efficient manner possible in order to make significant progress during the first week. This approach will ensure that sufficient time can be given to a focused consideration of the
strategic aspects of climate finance in the second week. We have greatly benefited from informal high-level political consultations, which have been led by pairs of ministers on my behalf. These have helped to ensure a frank, open exchange of views at Pre-COP, deepening our grasp of Parties’ expectations on the GST, mitigation, adaptation, and means of implementation. I appreciate the efforts of all the ministers who acted as facilitators at Pre-COP. Their summaries of discussions can be found in Annex II. Further outreach by the ministerial pairs leading up to COP will be limited, as formal negotiations among Parties take center stage on the Road to COP28 and during the first week. I look forward the continued support of the ministerial pairs during COP's critical second week. I urge you and your teams to use these final weeks wisely, especially when negotiators come together again in the pre-sessional week. As I said at Pre-COP, ministers must truly engage, roll up their sleeves,
and lead. It's equally important for negotiators to genuinely listen to one another and work towards outcomes that can be owned by all and implemented by all. Please have the difficult conversations now, show flexibility, and foster a sense of shared trust and understanding. Now is the time to find common ground, ensure consensus, and resolve differences. If we succeed in coming together now, we have a huge opportunity before us. We can reimagine entire economies and put every nation on the path to a prosperous and sustainable future. So let’s unite, let’s act, and let’s deliver in Dubai.